II CIP FOR SANT ADRIÀ DE BESÒS
URBAN II is a Community Initiative financed by the European Regional
Development Fund for the economic and social regeneration of troubled
The Community Initiative URBAN II Programme for Sant Adrià de
Besòs (SAB) constitutes the action plan approved by the European
Commission for the promotion of sustainable urban development in Sant
Adrià de Besòs by means of the priority action in the district
of La Mina.
THE DISTRICT OF LA MINA
The urbanistic, economic and social characteristics and conditions of
the district of La Mina make this geographical area a ‘natural’
candidate for those actions co-financed by the Community Initiative URBAN.
This district was born in a rapid fashion in order to re-house settlers
from slums. Thus, the environment has never been the best one for the
development of co-operation relations and a ‘gradual approach’
between social groups that would be expected for the ‘natural’
construction of a district-like social tissue. All this led to the reproduction
(in a new environment) of the situations of marginality and the exclusion
dynamics existing in the districts where the new population came from.
Despite all actions and investments carried out up to date, no effective
change has been achieved regarding the social situation of the area. This
is due to the difficulties in articulating a global action that is provided
with the necessary resources and the coordination of all public administrations.
The area has experienced an ongoing and progressive deterioration up to
date. The current situation is characterised by:
• The physical and social isolation
of the district and its inhabitants.
• A serious degradation of urbanistic and
• Des déficits de formation importants, faible qualification
et manque d'habitudes de travail d'une partie importante de la population.
• Considerable training deficits,
poor qualification and lack of working habits in a relevant group of population.
• Other serious social problems:
the high density and poor quality of the housing; the lack of resources
or regular income; the high number of women as heads of single-parent
families; the links with delinquency, often associated to drug dealing
and consumption, etc.
• The appropriation of public space on the part of groups showing
• The weakness of the social and family
The strategic objectives set for the URBAN II CIP as an answer to the
problems detected are:
• To revalue the urbanistic environment
of the district of La Mina and to improve housing conditions in order
to turn the district into a ‘place of residence‘
and not into a shelter or a temporary abode to those who intend to leave
the district looking for areas with better prospects.
• To improve the perception of the district
and its residents, both in La Mina and in the rest of the Metropolitan
Area, particularly in the other districts within Sant Adrià de
• To recuperate underused plots,
removing uncontrolled waste and encouraging its selective
gathering and recycling, as well as setting the basis for civic
behaviour on the part of the residents in urbanistic and environmental
• To structure, in a coherent way,
the urbanistic actions already existing in the district, by using
a suitable tool of urbanistic planning – the Special Reordenation
and Improval Plan (Plan Especial de Reordenación y Mejora, PERM)
– and generating different reference points (by means of public
building), in social terms and in terms of ‘landscape’.
• To connect – in a urbanistic and
social sense - the district of La Mina with the rest of the Metropolitan
Area and, particularly, with the rest of the municipality of Sant Adrià
• To consolidate the already-existing economic
activity, both as a potential source of employment and due to its
capability when it comes to social structuring.
• To improve the employability factors
of the active, or potentially active, population in the district, by making
insertion into the labour market easier, particularly for the less favoured
• To reduce the incidence of the currently
existing marginalisation and exclusion dynamics, paying special
attention to those collectives that are potentially more exposed.
• To fight delinquency in the district,
both from the point of view of prevention and penal mediation and also
of the coordination and improval of the State security forces’ answer.
• To promote civic and solidary behaviour
in the district by forming a Community Work Network that includes neighbours
associations and NGOs and involves the residents in the flux of social
life and coexistence in the district of La Mina.
PRIORITIES AND mesures
These objectives are reflected in the programming of the URBAN II CIP
for SAB according to the following priorities and measures.
Priorities and measures
|PRIORITY 1. MIXED USAGE AND REURBANIZATION
|Measure 1.1. Recuperation of abandoned and polluted
plots. Rehabilitation of public spaces, including green spaces.
|Measure 1.2.: Building, renovating and endowment of
buildings in order to develop social, cultural, leisure and sport
|PRIORITY 2. EMPLOYERS AND PACTS FOR EMPLOYMENT
|Measure 2.1. Support to business activities, to the
trade and the crafts, to social economy, to cooperatives, mutual benefit
societies and services for small and medium enterprises (SMEs).
|Measure 2.5. Creation and improval of health services
and other social services, particularly those for the elder and children
(nursery schools) and other disfavoured collectives.
|Measure 2.7. Training actions for the unemployed and
the employed in order to update their training and their adaptation
to the new working organisation and information technologies and communications,
giving priority to integrated itineraries for professional insertion
and to the development of new sources of occupation.
|PRIORITY 3. INTEGRATION OF MARGINALIZED
PERSONS AND ACCESS TO BASIC SERVICES
|Measure 3.5. Creation of workshop schools and training
centres. Conditioning and improval of those already existing.
|PRIORITY 5. WASTE TREATMENT AND REDUCTION;
WATER MANAGEMENT AND REDUCTION OF NOISE; REDUCTION OF HYDROCARBUR
|Measure 5.1. Promotion of waste reduction, total recycling,
gathering and selective treatment.
|PRIORITY 6. DEVELOPMENT OF THE POTENTIAL
OF THE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE INFORMATION SOCIETY
|Measure 6.1. Promotion of the use and access to information
technologies and communication among citizens, particularly for purposes
of training, employability, education and culture.
|Measure 6.2. Development of public interest services,
particularly in the fields of education and training, health, information
about the environment and support to SMEs, especially when it comes
to e-commerce and proximity services.
|PRIORITY 7. ASSESSMENT, MANAGEMENT AND
FOLLOW-UP. IMPROVAL IN THE URBAN GOVERNMENT
|Measure 7.2. Information and publicity campaigns,
key actions to improve access to information (especially in terms
of environment) and citizen participation in the decision-making processes.
|Measure 7.3. Promotion of networks for the exchange
of experiences and good practices, as well as the development of a
community database about good practices in management and sustainability
|Measure 7.5. Expenses deriving from management, monitoring
and control tasks.